Defending the Garden of Eden: Adam's Demon Wife
and other bizarre TV Myths exposed
by Rick Dack, Defending the Bible Int’l.
(All images and text are owned/purchased by Defending the Bible Int'l. and cannot be used without permission)
Was Adam's wife a Demon? Was God jealous of Adam? We're Adam and Eve animal-like creatures? Was God a sexually-driven Eden voyeur? For decades anti-faith television documentaries and animated series' have been given free reign to criticize because the church hasn't effectively fought back. Why? Most pastors and congregations haven't been educated on how to effectively defend the Bible against modern skepticism. That's why my apologetic classes for churches and schools (The Biographies of the Bible) are so desperately needed, states Rick Dack of Defending the Bible International (www.defendingthebible.com).
Was Adam's wife a Demon? At least three television programs including "Banned from the Bible II (2007) investigated Adam's "supposed" first wife Lilith. Apparently Lillith was a demon associated with men's sexuality functions. Lilith birthed demons, spoke Gods “never to utter” secret name and flew away. Where does this strange story come from? The earliest surviving mention of the fictional Lilith comes from "Gilgamesh and the Huluppu-Tree," a Sumerian epic poem found on a tablet at Ur and dating from approximately 2000 B.C.E. (biblicalarchaeology.org). The example of Lilith is one of many television documentary illustrations of how controversy over truth is a motivator for ratings
Was God jealous of Adam and did he think the first couple were animals? These strange beliefs first appeared on The Biography Channel's "Adam and Eve: Paradise Lost" (1996) and repeated ad nauseam. Interestingly, the source behind God's supposed jealousy was never revealed on tv (journalistic credibility?). "Adam and Eve: Paradise Lost" interviewee Carol Fontaine's (Andover Newton Theological School) beliefs that Adam and Eve were animal-like creatures is ridiculous. This contradiction of Genesis 3:21 prompts the questions, "why would God make the first couple skins to clothe themselves and then forget they were human?"
Was God a voyeur to both Adam and Eve's nakedness? Was there pornography behind an Eden tree? Is the Garden of Eden allegorical? The creators of the animated series' Family Guy, American Dad and Robot Chicken think so. The first examples are obvious malicious parody but what of the last? Is Eden history or allegory?
Evidence for Eden is truly “ancient history” and difficult to date simply because only God knows the precise era of Eden.
(Author's note #1: anything pre-Abraham (circa 2100 B.C.E.) is extremely difficult to date and that is why this ministry uses the term “potential” in reference to this evidence. This ministry includes both pro and con explanations concerning artifacts as they relate to the Bible).
(Authors note #2: What is an archaeological seal? Cylinder seals are engraved, cylindrically shaped objects usually made of stone designed to be rolled into clay to leave impressions. The engraved images, and usually text, are carved in reverse, so that when rolled out onto clay they face the correct direction. They can be used as identification, jewelry, can depict scenes as well as protection concerning personal property. (Source: John Hopkins Archaeological Museum).
Potential Eden artifacts include …
Tepe Gawra Seal: This seal was found by E.A. Speiser of the University of Pennsylvania in a 1930-1932 excavation at Tepe Gawra, north of Ninevah. The seal illustrates a man (possibly Adam), a woman (possibly Eve) hunched over as if leaving in shame. This seal was found in an excavation level that was dated pre-3000 B.C. (Source: Archaeology and Bible History by Joseph Free).
Ninevah Seal: A cylinder seal whose origin dates back to the Proto-literate period (3200-3100 B.C.) was discovered at Ninevah. Others have said that the man figure is a portrayal of a god but others have contended that this depiction proves an early origin for the Garden of Eden story and that the biblical story is not a late myth. The seal shows a man (possibly Adam) plucking fruit from the tree in the middle, a woman (possibly Eve) plucking fruit from the tree in the middle, a tree in the center could refer to the one that was in the middle of the Garden (Genesis 3:3) and a depiction of a serpent standing behind the woman (Eve). If it is the story of Adam and Eve it dates back at least 1500 years before the writing of Genesis by Moses (early 1400's B.C.E.). (Source: Archaeology and Bible History by Joseph Free).
Dilmun (Paradise) Seal: This seal was discovered by Geoffrey Bibby during an excavation that started in 1953 in Bahrain - the site of the mythical Dilmun. The ancient paradise known as Dilmun is a "pure," "clean" and "bright place," in which neither sickness nor death contaminated the fruit-filled garden where the great earth- mother Ninhursag had caused eight divine plants to grow, But then the story goes on, Enki, usually a wise god-comes along and innocently eats them all, and Ninhursag abandons him until, through a intervention of a council gods, she relents (Bible and Spade Sum-Aut 1979). Possible biblical parallels speak of a fruit-filled garden where neither sickness nor death reside and the eating of the fruit caused a negative reaction. (Sources: Bible and Spade, Summer - Autumn 1979).
Tree of Life: For the benefit of the biblical researcher it should be pointed out the term "tree of life" does not exist anywhere in Mesopotamian literature putting to the death the idea that this term may have been borrowed from Mesopotamian myth prior to the Exodus (Source: Bible and Spade, Spring 1996).
Tigris River: Continues to flow.
Euphrates River: Continues to flow.
Pishon River: The first river of Genesis 2:11 may have been found! Pebbles of granite and basalt found in this river bed are not native to Kuwait but are indigenous to the Hijaz Mountains of Saudi Arabia, 650 miles away. This issue led Farouk El-Baz, Boston University Scientist, to study satellite photographs of the area in which he detected a subterranean dry river bed (Wadi-Al-Batin). El-Baz noticed that the once flowing river carried these deposits to Kuwait along a fault line. This Kuwait River or Pishon may have been the famous river of Genesis 2:11. Farouk El-Baz, as of July/August 1996, requested Shuttle Imaging Radar photos of the region and his analysis is forth coming (Source: Biblical Archaeology Review - July/August 1996).
The Adapa Epic: It has been said by some that the four cuneiform fragments known as the Adapa Epic (B: from the El-Amarna archives and A,C and D from the Ashurbanipal Library) is a retelling of the story of Adam. If it is a recreation what parallels and dissimilarities are there? First of all it is best to give a brief description of the Adapa Epic. Adapa (not immortal) was the priest of the god, Ea at Eridu. His boat was capsized by the south wind while he was pursuing his profession of fishing to provide food for his god's (Ea) sanctuary. He became angry and broke the wings on the wind disrupting the climate. He was brought before a council of other deities by the great god Anu and was warned not to eat or drink during his trial. Actually, Adapa was offered the fruit of life but he refused it and failed to get eternal life The parallels and differences between the two characters consist of the fact that both went both underwent a test by a deity and the test was based upon something that they consume and both failed the test to get immortality. Also, a result of their actions, mankind was affected and both were considered the first of mankind. Though both were tested with food it should be said that Adam and Eve were tested with fruit and Adapa was tested with bread and water. Both individuals were sentenced to death but within different contexts, Adapa's choice was in obedience to Ea and Adam was free to make his own choice. Finally, Adapa's choice affected the choice of nature and Adams was moral (Source: Bible and Spade, Summer 1977).
A Walking Snake: Dr. Randall Price points out in his book “The Stones Cry Out” an interesting report about the recent discovery in Israel of a fossilized snake with well-developed hind legs. The fossil, that was uncovered in a stone quarry lends further credence to the biblical story of the snake in the Garden of Eden alluded to in Genesis 3:1-15. (Source: The Stones Cry Out by Dr. Randall Price).
Has your Pastor and Principal addressed media Bible myths and offered a defense of the scriptures? If not, your church and school needs to invite Defending the Bible Int'l. This ministry's "Biographies of the Bible" classes and presentations supply all the answers you will ever need in defense of the scriptures. These classes also include 3D animations of Bible sites, Hollywood stories of faith, archaeological biographies of Bible characters and more. Check out www.defendingthebible.com for class information on over thirty topics including Adam and Eve, Noah's Ark, Joseph, Samson, David and Goliath, Daniel, the Nativity, the Resurrection, Acts and more!